针对各数据库系统对应的扩展
PHP Manual

dBase

User Contributed Notes

Anonymous 01-Aug-2009 06:51
Unfortunately the dbase functions are not compiled into my commercial server's php and I needed to read some geo data in shape files, which include data in dbfs.

So maybe this will help some others:

<?php
function echo_dbf($dbfname) {
   
$fdbf = fopen($dbfname,'r');
   
$fields = array();
   
$buf = fread($fdbf,32);
   
$header=unpack( "VRecordCount/vFirstRecord/vRecordLength", substr($buf,4,8));
    echo
'Header: '.json_encode($header).'<br/>';
   
$goon = true;
   
$unpackString='';
    while (
$goon && !feof($fdbf)) { // read fields:
       
$buf = fread($fdbf,32);
        if (
substr($buf,0,1)==chr(13)) {$goon=false;} // end of field list
       
else {
           
$field=unpack( "a11fieldname/A1fieldtype/Voffset/Cfieldlen/Cfielddec", substr($buf,0,18));
            echo
'Field: '.json_encode($field).'<br/>';
           
$unpackString.="A$field[fieldlen]$field[fieldname]/";
           
array_push($fields, $field);}}
   
fseek($fdbf, $header['FirstRecord']+1); // move back to the start of the first record (after the field definitions)
   
for ($i=1; $i<=$header['RecordCount']; $i++) {
       
$buf = fread($fdbf,$header['RecordLength']);
       
$record=unpack($unpackString,$buf);
        echo
'record: '.json_encode($record).'<br/>';
        echo
$i.$buf.'<br/>';} //raw record
   
fclose($fdbf); }
?>

This function simply dumps an entire file using echo and json_encode, so you can tweak it to your own needs... (eg random access would just be a matter of changing the seek to : fseek($fdbf, $header['FirstRecord']+1 +($header['RecordLength']* $desiredrecord0based); removing the for loop and returning $record

This function doesn't do any type conversion, but it does extract the type if you need to play with dates, or tidy up the numbers etc.

So quick and dirty but maybe of use to somebody and illustrates the power of unpack.

Erich

针对各数据库系统对应的扩展
PHP Manual